Heat related illness

7 Sure Shot Tips to Prevent Heat-Related Illness

Summers are back and so is the season for heavy sweating, heat strokes, heat cramps, and heat exhaustion. In fact, continuous exposure to summer heat waves can be very dangerous and can damage the brain and other vital organs of your body. That’s why; it’s imperative to protect your body from soaring temperatures and keep it cool.

Signs and Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion

Possible signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion include:

    • Heavy sweating
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue
    • Faintness
    • Weak, rapid pulse
    • Low blood pressure
    • Nausea
    • Headache
    • Muscle cramps

While it is common for people to suffer from heat-related illness during the sweltering summer months, heat illness is largely preventable. To protect yourself from hot weather:

Stay Cool

The best way to stay cool during summers is by staying indoors as much as possible. Keep yourself in the air conditioned area – at home, in office, as well as in the public area – and try to always maintain an ideal body temperature. Taking cool shower or bath is also an ideal way to keep your body temperature under control.

Hydrate Well

During summers, it is more than important to stay well hydrated all day long. Sweat steals away salt and other important minerals from your body making it weak and vulnerable to dehydration and stomach cramps. Thus, it becomes permeable to replenish the lost minerals and salt through water, fruit juices, and other sports drink. So, drink a lot of water when the weather is hot and steer away from sugary and alcoholic drinks as they can make you lose more body fluids.

Also, if you are diabetic, hypertensive, or suffering from other chronic health conditions, you must speak to your primary healthcare provider before drinking sports drinks or taking salt tablets.

Avoid Hot, Oily Food

Hot, spicy and oily foods add heat to your body and cause a rise in your body temperature. They are best avoided in summer months. Instead, you should try to binge more on fresh fruits and water based vegetables that help to hydrate your body and have an overall cooling effect.

Schedule Outdoor Activities Carefully

To prevent heat stroke and heat related illness, it is best to avoid stepping out in the sun when the temperatures are soaring high, especially during the afternoon. Limit your outdoor activities to when it’s the coolest, that is morning and evening. Even if you have to step out in the sun, cover your entire body properly with a piece of cloth to protect yourself from the sun. Also, try to rest often in shade to give your body a chance to recover.

Wear Light, Comfortable Clothes and Sunscreen

Always choose light colored, loose-fitting cotton clothes that allow heat to pass through your body and help you stay comfortable during summer months. Whenever you step out, keep your head covered with a wide-brimmed hat or umbrella and wear sunglasses to protect your eyes too. Also, don’t forget to use a wide-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 15 or more to protect your skin from harmful UV radiations of the sun. Apply the sunscreen generously and reapply it every half an hour for complete protection.

Stay Informed

Keep yourself updated with extreme heat alerts and safety tips to prevent heat-related illness. Always switch to your local news channels for authentic news and alerts and steer away from fake news and rumors.

Watch Those at High Risk

While all of us are vulnerable to heat strokes and illness, some people are at greater risk than others. These include:

  • Infants and young children
  • People over 65 years of age
  • People who are overweight
  • People who work in the sun or exercise rigorously
  • People who suffer from chronic health conditions – heart disease, high blood pressure, or who take medications for depression, insomnia, or poor circulation

If you have infants or elders at home, closely watch them for signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion and take them to your nearest primary healthcare provider if there’s heat emergency.

Follow these tips and tricks to protect yourself and your family from heat strokes and other heat related illness.

Also, don’t forget to spread the word. Use your social media handles to share these tips with your loved ones and help protect them from the upcoming hot weather illness.

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